While old-timers may remember the limitations that FAT32 filesystem had on file size, users of modern filesystems rarely think about such fundamental issues. The first people to experience the old problem once again were web developers dealing with global enterprise projects such as 'create-react-app'. The size of node_modules folder resulting from the initialization of the project template may soon hit the limit of what modern filesystems can handle.

Private research organization in California is working hard to design and release a new filesystem specifically designed to accommodate large directories such as node_modules, and multi-gigabyte single files such as corresponding instances of package.json.